Himachal Tourism

Thursday, 7 April 2016

Hamirpur is a culturally charming city in Himachal Pradesh


Map Of Hamirpur.
The Hamirpur locality is located between  76-17-50  to  76-43-42 east longitudes  and  31-24-48  to  31-53-35  north latitude.  It is situated in the south western fraction of Himachal Pradesh.  It is enclosed by lower Himalayas, the height varies from the 400 meters to 1,100 meters.  The main hill ranges of the region are recognized as Jakh  Dhar &   Sola Singhi Dhar. The  Jakh dhar runs in continuance of Kali Dhar range in the Kangra region.  It enters in  Hamirpur  region  near  Nadaun  and transverses it  into southeastern way.  The city of Hamirpur dishonesty to the east of this variety where the country is rolling but in  the north  and  north  east  bare  and  rocky  hills,  bottomless ravines with    steep  sides  change  the  scenery  into  what  has   been describe as an nervous sea abruptly under arrest and set pebbles. The Chabutra  hills  have the similar dip and hit as in the Jakh Dhar and are sustained further than the Beas to what is recognized as the Changar, a accumulation of rocky and broken hills.  The Sola  Singhi  Dhar  is  the  best  variety  of  the  area  and  is  recognized  beneath  a variety of  names  such as Chintpurni and Jaswan Dhar in Una and by  Sola  Singhi  in  Hamirpur. Thus  Dhar  enters Hamirpur to the east of Tappa Daruhi and traverses it in a south-easterly way more or fewer similar  to  the  Jakh  Dhar and ended on the Satluj. Hamirpur locality is surrounded in the north by river Beas which separate it  from Kangra region.  In the east Bakar and Seer Khads divide it from Mandi region.  In the  south, It  is  surrounded  by Bilaspur region and in the west by Una district. 


beautiful place hamirpur. The history of Hamirpur is intimately connected with the Katoch family which ruled the area flanked by the Ravi and Satluj rivers in the past days. It is obvious from the “Puranas” and Panini’s “Ashtadhyai” that through the Mahabharta period, Hamirpur was a fraction of the old Jallandhar-Trigarta empire. Panini referred to the citizens of this kingdom as huge warriors and fighters. The custom of those citizens seems to have sustained till today, as is obvious from the large figure of people from the district in Indian defence armed forces. It is supposed that in the very old age, the rulers of Gupta dynasty had set up their dominion in excess of this fraction of  the earth. throughout the center ages, most probably the area fell beneath the manage of Mohammed Gazani, Timurlang and later Sultans. But with the way of time, all the aforementioned rulers went absent and at the time of Hamir Chand, a Katoch ruler, the area was beneath the control of  ‘Ranas’ (Feudal hill chiefs). Some of the famous Ranas were, ranas of Mewa, ranas of Mehalta and Dhatwal. There was no time when these feudal chiefs were not in argue next to each other.  It was only  the Katoch dynasty which put these Ranas beneath its manage, to make sure an arranged civilization. The Katoch dynasty became main throughout the age of Hamir Chand who ruled from 1700 A.D. to 1740 A        It was this ruler who built the fortification at Hamirpur and the there city of Hamirpur  derives its name from this ruler. Hamirpur came to a great deal emerald–light only throughout the age of Raja Sansar Chand-II. He made ‘Sujanpur Tira’ his capital and erected palaces and temples at this place. Raja Sansar Chand  ruled from 1775 A.D. to 1823 A.D. He dreamt of establishing the old territory of Jallandhar-Trigarta, which his intimates had held at one time, Perhaps according to some historians he tried two times ineffectively. The go up of Raja Ranjit Singh proved a great obstacle for his ambition. so, he unfocused his notice towards the local hill chiefs. He emotionally involved Mandi state and made Raja Ishwari Sen a pioner for 12 years at Nadaun.

hamirpur in himachal
He also grateful the Suket ruler to pay an yearly tribute and annexed parts of Bilaspur state on the right bank of Satluj. flattering worried by the progression of Sansar Chand, all the hills chiefs connected hands and invite the Gurkhas to stop the unrestrained strength of Katoch ruler. The joint army fight next to Sansar Chand’s  army at Mahal Morion in Hamirpur. Raja Sansar Chand army gave a devastating beat to the joint forces and bound them to move away on the left banks of river Satluj. By that time, Raja Sansar Chand, on the recommendation of his General Ghulam Mohammed tried to effect the financial system in the army by replacing the obtainable ones with Rohillas. This prove a self defeat foolishness on his fraction. On trial about the flaw of Katoch’s army, the joint forces again attack the forces of Kangra at Mahal Morian in the second fight and compulsory a devastating defeat in 1806 A.D. Raja Sansar Chand along with family took protection in the Kangra fort. The Gurkhas sieged the Kangra fort and cruelly looted the area flanked by the fort of Kangra and Mahal Mohrian and nearly shattered the villages. Ishwari Sen was unconventional by the Gurkhas from Nadaun jail. The blockade of the fort sustained for three years. Raja Ranjit Singh on the ask for of Sansar Chand, wage war next to the Gurkhas and beaten them in 1809 A.D. But  Sansar Chand  had to pay a serious price whereby he had to misplace Kangra fort and 66 villages to the Sikhs. The Sikhs maintain their dominion over Kangra  and Hamirpur till 1846 when they were beaten by the British army in the first Anglo-Sikh war. Ever since, the preeminence of the British sustained in the area which became a part of the British empire. Sansar Chand died as a most disenchanted man. His heir ( grandson) Raja Pramodh Chand in coalition with the Sikhs and other rulers tried unsuccessfully to remove the British.

natural beauty of hamirpur.
The British made Kangra, of which Hamirpur shaped a part, a region in which Kullu and Lahaul-Sipiti were also compound to form the part of the district. In 1846, after capture of Kangra, Nadaun was made the tehsil headquarters.   This resolution was revise in 1868, and as a consequence the tehsil headquarters was distorted from Nadaun to Hamirpur. In 1888, Palampur tehsil was shaped, merging part of the areas of Hamirpur and Kangra tehsils.    Hamirpur remained a part of Punjab region awaiting 1st November 1966, when these area were compound in Himachal Pardesh resulting ahead the reform of the Punjab. As a consequence of re-agreement of the districts in the compound areas on 1st September 1972, Hamirpur was created as a separate district with two tehsils of Hamirpur and Barsar. In 1980  three more tehsils viz. Tira Sujanpur, Nadaun, Bhoranj were shaped with the additional restructuring of the tehsils. Of these Nadaun and Bhoranj have  become  full tehsils at  the  1991  census.   Presently, district has five tehsils viz,  Hamirpur,  Barsar,  Bhoranj,  Nadaun  and  Sujanpur   and   one sub-tehsil i.e.   Dhatwal  at  Bijhari.  It consists of three Revenue Sub-Divisions namely, Hamirpur, Barsar  and  Nadaun.    The  Hamirpur associate-separation comprise of Tehsils Hamirpur, Bhoranj and Sujanpur, the Barsar associate-separation comprise Barsar Tehsil and Sub-Tehsil Dhatwal at Bijhari,  whereas  Nadaun  Sub-Division  comprises  only  one  Tehsil Nadaun.  This District has been divided into six  Development  Blocks such  as  Hamirpur,  Bijhari,  Bhoranj,  Nadaun,  Sujanpur  and recently shaped Bamsan at Touni Devi.


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